Robert Lynd received a bachelor of arts degree from Princeton University Lynd received a Ph. Helen Lynd died on January 30, Huebsch, Inc. The essay and his community work brought Lynd to the attention of the Rockefeller family.

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Voshakar Threads collapsed expanded unthreaded. The history of earlier contributions by wikipedians is accessible to researchers here:. For a long time there was no fire station and there is still no supermarket there, she explains, and if a train is on the line and the roads are blocked it can slow down the response time for ambulances.

They saw the Great Depression as an middletlwn to see how the social structure of the town changed. Just a moment while we sign you in to your Goodreads account. Jeffrey rated it liked it Mar 22, This page was last edited on 20 Decemberat As the author demonstrates, the story of Middletown is a continuing narrative, whose end is yet to be written, encapsulating the pain of social and economic alienation, political war, religious messianism, and personal demoralization.

One person involved in the talks at the time told the New York Times that the decision was made to protect the children. Helen Lynd retired from Sarah Lawrence College inbut continued to teach there until her death. Her parents tried to instate a strong religious sense in their children, and Helen grew up with a commitment to humanitarian work. InHelen Lynd received a Ph. Robert and Helen Lynd — New World Encyclopedia Helen Lynd joined the faculty of the newly middleton Sarah Lawrence College inlydn would remain there until her retirement in The introduction of the radio and automobile are considered the largest changes.

She graduated in with a B. The bodies were left to hang overnight and were cut down in the morning. Muncie was the first community to be systematically examined by mlddletown in the United States. The second study only used one-tenth of the researchers than the first, and as a result, it is not considered as in-depth as the first one. While the researchers found middletiwn there were some social changes, residents tended to go back to the way they were once economic hardship had ended.

She wrote numerous books on philosophyeducationand sociology. Their Middletown in Transitiona restudy of the same community—now known to be Muncie, Indiana—provided a second point of reference on community values in the midst of the great American depression.

Compared to the 19th century, family sizes were smaller, divorce rates were up. And so it is that Middletownand therefore Muncie, became a proxy for the quintessential America. The landmark social study that gave Muncie its place in history also presented America with an image of itself that was both familiar and distorted by Gary Younge.

In Robert Lynd, under pressure from his publishers, came back to do a follow-up, Middletown in Transitionwhich examined the effects of the Great Depression on Muncie. Due to recent innovations such as the Associated Pressthe papers are able to carry more news. The Lynds did not study the African-American population of Middletown.

Lists with This Book. Robert and Helen Lynd returned to Muncie in for a follow-up study, and published their second book, Middletown in Transition: The Middletown study was one of middlerown first sociological analyses in the United States of social and cultural change in a modern, urban community. On 7 August a white mob in Marion, Indiana, some 40 miles away, broke into the local jail with sledgehammers, dragged three black teenagers out of their cell, beat them and then hung two of middletowb from a tree by their necks the third managed to get away.

Robert and Helen Lynd Ball later testified she had not been raped. These people are considered the responsibility of churches and organizations such as the Salvation Army — charity is generally frowned upon.

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Robert S. Lynd, Co‐Author of ‘Middletown,’ Dies

Using leisure in various forms of play, art, and so on. Engaging in religious practices. Engaging in community activities. The study aimed to examine the consequences of this change.



The Lynds are said to have been the first to apply the methods of cultural anthropology to the study of a modern Western city. Robert Lynd edited the trade magazine Publishers Weekly —18 and later worked for book-publishing firms in New York City. He directed a sociological study of small cities for the Institute of Social and Religious Research —26 , served as an official of the Social Science Research Council —31 , and taught sociology at Columbia University from He also was the sole author of Knowledge for What? On September 3, , he and Helen Merrell were married.


Robert Staughton Lynd

Robert S. To preserve these articles as they originally appeared, The Times does not alter, edit or update them. Occasionally the digitization process introduces transcription errors or other problems; we are continuing to work to improve these archived versions. He was 78 years old and lived at Riverside Drive here.


Robert Lynd and Helen Lynd

Because of this, unemployment was seen among residents as an individual, not a social, problem. The city government was run by the "business class," a conservative group of individuals in high-income professions. Home and family[ edit ] 86 percent of the residents lived in at least a nuclear family arrangement. Because of innovations such as mortgages , even working-class families were able to own their own homes. Home ownership is considered the mark of a "respectable" family. Compared to the 19th century, family sizes were smaller, divorce rates were up. However, women still, by and large, worked as housewives.

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