The position of Sun and Moon determines the date and time of the Hindu festivals. No HTML formatting and links to other web sites are allowed. Marathi Panchang complete month Panchang with detailed daily Panchang and most Marathi festivals and Vrats for each day. If you have any questions or concerns regarding any content published here, feel free to contact us using the Contact link below. It lists all significant public, national, government, regional and religious festivals. The Kalnirnay contains several interesting sections apart from the regular calender, which is also one of the main reasons of its this much popularity.
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A chandramana masa in which no sankramana occurs is known as Adhika Masa. The instant at which Sun transits from one Rashi to the next is called a Sankramana. Mathematically, a Chandramana Varsha has days, while a Soura Varsha has days, the difference being 11 days per year. In the course of 2 years and 8 months of Chandramana the difference works out to The 33rd masa is considered as an Adhika masa which brings the two systems Chandramana and Souramana to evenness.
Thus, theoretically, every 33rd chandramana masa is an Adhika masa. In practice, due to the variations in speed of movement of Sun and Moon, Adhika Masa occurs anywhere between 28th and 36th masas.
No Adithya rises in an Adhika masa. Such a masa with no Adithya is called Malimlucha meaning a Napumsaka - genderless. The masa is also referred as Purushotthama masa. Their antharyami Bhagavantha is not different from Purushottama, the masa Niyamaka. Accumulation of Punya is more in a Purushotthama masa giving the masa the name Adhika masa.
Bhagavantha will eliminate the papas during the masa giving the masa the name Mala masa. The list of Shubha karyas to be avoided also justifies the name Mala masa. Bhagavantha will provide Women who observe the Adhika masa with Soubhagya and be blessed with Sons with immense love to God.
Snana in Adhika masa will avoid miscarriages. No other masa is equal to the Purushotthama masa. Ayachitha Vratha: Being content with what you have and not ask anybody for anything. Akhanda Deepa: One lamp should glow continuously without a break during the entire masa.
Dharana Parana Vratha: Fifteen cycles of One complete day fasting dharana followed by Parana on the next day. Thamboola Dana: On all days of the masa to brahmin couples. Bagina dana: Women should give away baginas to at least 33 mutthaides sumangalis. At least 33 apoopas in a bronze vessel to be given away.
Ghee in another vessel also to be given away. This is said to bestow Vishesha Phala. Phala Dana: Minimum of 33 plantains or mangoes or Jack fruit lozenges. Those who cannot give on all days of the masa should try and give on the special days: Shukla Dwadashi, Pournima, Krishna Ashtami, Navami, Dwadashi, Chathurdashi and Amavasya. Note: All danas should be accompanied by Dakshina cash. Dakshina is the name of the Lakshmidevi seated to the south of Sriman Narayana. Shastras say Dakshina should be equal to the monetary value of the item being given away.
Considering what shastras say, Dakshina should not be just a coin. Vrathas and Danas are complete only with a Samarpane to Bhagavantha. The number 33 mentioned in all the above cases is the minimum indicated and persons who can afford need not limit to Adhika Masa Na-Karthavyas Rakshasas by name Nairuthas dominate in the Adhika masa and destroy the phalas of all Kamya karmas - Functions or Vratas with a specific desire are known as Kamya karmas. Thulapurushadana, Hiranyagarbhadana, Brahmandadana, Kalpapadapada, Gosahasradana are some of the sixteen mahadanas.
Yathrothsava: The ban on yathra is only for those who are going for the first time. Here yathra means those who visit pilgrim centres for darshana and Shraddha. Normally only one Sankramana occurs in each Chandramana masa with the exception of an Adhika Masa. A Kshaya Masa is also called Shoonya Masa.
The earlier one is known as Amhaspathi or Prakrutha and the second one as Samsarpa or Malimluncha. Prakrutha Adhika masa is considered normal masa with no stigma of Na-karthavyas. Activities of a Kshaya masa During a Kshaya masa, theoretically a masa is lost and all activities during the masa will have to be lost. In practice, the Kshaya masa gets sort of merged with the next masa. During such a masa, the first half of each thithi is considered to represent the Kshaya masa and the later half the next masa.
Luckily each thithi is divided into two equal halves and are known as Karanas. Therefore the first karana of a thithi refers to the kshaya masa and the later karana to the next masa. Activities of the masas are to be carried out in the respective karanas. Occurance: Kshaya masa can occur only during Kartheeka, Margashira or Pushya masas.
Next Kshaya masa: Kshaya masas occur alternately once in years and 19 years. Kshaya masa occured in the past during after a gap of 19 years i. Therefore the next Kshaya masa is expected during Details of Shraddha during Adhika Vaishakha Masa 1. Annual shraddhas due in Vaishakha masa are to be performed in Nija Vaishakha masa. Masika shraddha for persons who passed away during last year after Vaishakha masa has to be performed in both Adhika and Nija Vaishakha masas. Darsha shraddha has to be performed during both Adhika and Nija masas.
Annual shraddha for those who have passed away during Adhika Vaishalka masa has to be peformed in Adhika Vaishakha masa only.
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