Like the various cultures and religions existing in India, Jainism too has their own set mahaveer of cultures and traditions based on the Jain Panchang, which is the astrologically based Jain calendar, marking the many important dates, festivals and events for people who follow Jainism. The Jain year as per the Jain Panchang starts on Diwali. The business men, who follow Jainism, traditionally start their accounting years from the day of Diwali. The important festivals celebrated as per the Jain Panchang are: Prayusana Parva — One of the most important festivals in this culture, this festival falls in the months of August or September Shravana and Bhadra Mahavir Jayanti- The exact date for this event as given in the scriptures is the 13th day of the bright half of the Jain calendar month of Chaitra. As per the solar calendar, this would fall in the month of March or April. This day comes on the last day of the month of Ashvina October or November.
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These calendars, like any other astrological calendars, are used for the prediction of various cultural and religious events and dates. Ontikoppal Panchangam and its Fast Facts: The Tamil New Year, which generally falls on either the 13th or the 14th of the month of April of the Gregorian year, is used as the first day of the Tamil calendar. This day is considered as a public holiday in Tamil Nadu and Sri Lanka.
The Vikrama and the Shalivahana Saka eras are used here as well. A number of references have been made in the early Tamil literatures about this April new year. The author of the Nedunalvaadai, Nakkirar, wrote in the 3rd century that the Sun travels from Mesha or Chitterai through the eleven successive Raashis or the zodiac signs. The Tolkaapiyam is the oldest known Tamil grammar that has divided the year in six seasons, according to which Chitterai is known to be the start of the Ilavenil season or the summer season.
Silappadikaaram of the eight century named the twelve raashis or zodiac signs which started from Mesha or Chitterai. Adiyaarkunalaar, who was an early medieval commentator or also known as Urai-asiriyar, gave names to the twelve months of the Tamil Hindu calendar with a specific reference made to Chitterai raashi.
Subsequently, there were more inscriptions made which gave references in Pagan, Burma which dated back to the 11th century and in Sukhothai, Thailand which dated back to the fourteenth century to South Indian, often Vaishnavite, courtiers who were given the task of defining correctly the traditional astrological calendar beginning in the mid of the month of April.
The days of the Ontikoppal Panchangam are based on the planetary bodies of the solar system, namely, Sun, Moon, Mars, Mercury, Jupiter, Venus and Saturn, in this same sequence. The week for this calendar starts on the Sunday. For Tamilians, every day begins at sun rise.
As per the Tamil calendar, a month comprises of number of days ranging from twenty nine and thirty two. One important point here remains that, the months as per the Sanskrit calendar start one month ahead of the months of the Tamil calendar. The reason for this being that the Tamil calendar is basically a solar calendar, while the Sanskrit calendar is a lunisolar calendar.
The Tamil year comprises of six seasons, each lasting for a period of two months. The Tamil calendar is known to have a period cycle of sixty years. The Ontikoppal Panchangam is extremely important in the life of Tamilians, as majority of their festivals are based on this calendar. Posts related to The Ontikoppal Panchangam.
GANTALA PANCHANGAM 2012 TELUGU PDF
These calendars, like any other astrological calendars, are used for the prediction of various cultural and religious events and dates and to find out auspicious time. The Telugu New Year is used as the first day of the Telugu calendar. Ugadi marks the start of this Telugu New Year according to this calendar. This day is considered as a public holiday in Andhra Pradesh. A number of references have been made in the early Telugu literatures about this New Year. The days of the Gantala Panchangam like any other panchangam are based on the positions and movements of the planetary bodies of the solar system and the constellations. Chaitra marks the first month of the Telugu calendar, this month usually falling somewhere in the months of March or April.
GANTALA PANCHANGAM 2012 TELUGU PDF
2012 TO 2013 TELUGU GANTALA PANCHANGAM PDF