ECE R65 PDF

Special warning lamps of different types, mean special warning lamps which differ intrinsically in such matters as: the trade name or make, the size and form of the coloured cover, the optical system, the nature of the beam e. Jdt Jm T : instantaneous intensity cd for a rotating or stationary flashing lamp category T , the centre of the light source, for a directional flashing lamp category X , the intersection of the axis of reference with the exterior light-emitting surface; it is specified by the manufacturer of the special warning lamp. In the absence of such specification, it means the centre of the light source. The manufacturer of the special warning lamp shall indicate the position of the special warning lamp in relation to the reference axis. The effective intensities of directional flashing lamps Category X shall be measured in the directions indicated in paragraph 7. It shall specify whether the special warning lamp is intended to emit amber A or blue B light, whether it falls within the directional flashing lamp X category, or whether it falls within the rotating or stationary flashing lamp T category, and whether it has one level of intensity class 1 , or two levels of intensity class 2.

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Special warning lamps of different types, mean special warning lamps which differ intrinsically in such matters as: the trade name or make, the size and form of the coloured cover, the optical system, the nature of the beam e. Jdt Jm T : instantaneous intensity cd for a rotating or stationary flashing lamp category T , the centre of the light source, for a directional flashing lamp category X , the intersection of the axis of reference with the exterior light-emitting surface; it is specified by the manufacturer of the special warning lamp.

In the absence of such specification, it means the centre of the light source. The manufacturer of the special warning lamp shall indicate the position of the special warning lamp in relation to the reference axis. The effective intensities of directional flashing lamps Category X shall be measured in the directions indicated in paragraph 7.

It shall specify whether the special warning lamp is intended to emit amber A or blue B light, whether it falls within the directional flashing lamp X category, or whether it falls within the rotating or stationary flashing lamp T category, and whether it has one level of intensity class 1 , or two levels of intensity class 2. In this case, it is sufficient to carry out tests according to paragraph 5. In this case, it is sufficient to carry out the photometric and colorimetric tests.

The competent authority shall verify the existence of satisfactory arrangements for ensuring effective control on conformity of production before type approval is granted. MARKINGS The samples of a type of special warning lamp submitted for approval must bear the trade name or mark of the applicant, this marking must be clearly legible and indelible.

Each base, each cover and any external components of a special warning lamp which are necessary for its required performance shall include a space of sufficient size for the approval marking, these spaces shall be shown in the drawings mentioned in paragraph 2. Directional flashing lamps having a "wide angle effect" see definition of paragraph 7.

The arrow showing in which position the device has to be installed shall be directed outwards from the vehicle when correctly installed 2. An approval number shall be assigned to each type approved. Its first two digits at present 00 for the Regulation in its original form shall indicate the series of amendments incorporating the most recent major technical amendments made to the Regulation at the time of issue of the approval.

The same Contracting Party shall not assign the same number to another type of special warning lamp, except in the cases provided for in paragraph 2. Notice of approval or of extension or of refusal of approval of type of special warning lamp pursuant to this Regulation shall be communicated to the Parties to the Agreement which apply this Regulation by means of a form conforming to the model in Annexe 1 to this Regulation.

Every special warning lamp conforming to a special warning lamp approved under this Regulation shall bear, in the spaces referred to in paragraph 3. In the case of lamps with light source module s , the light source module s shall bear: the trade name or mark of the applicant; this marking must be clearly legible and indelible; the specific identification code of the module; this marking must be clearly legible and indelible.

This specific identification code shall comprise the starting letters "MD" for "MODULE" followed by the approval marking without the circle as prescribed in paragraph 5. The approval marking does not have to be the same as the one on the lamp in which the module is used, but both markings shall be from the same applicant.

The base, the cover and any external components of the special warning lamp referred to in paragraph 3. In addition, where the same lens is used, the later may bear the different approval marks relating to the different types of special warning lamps or units of lamps, provided that the main body of the special warning lamp also comprises the space described in paragraph 3. If different types of special warning lamps comprise the same main body, it is acceptable, if an inner part of the optical arrangements also comprises the space described in paragraph 3.

The approval mark and the markings referred to in paragraph 3. Annex 2 to this Regulation gives an example of the approval mark.

The special warning lamps must be so designed and constructed that the relevant requirements with regard to voltage higher than 50 V are fulfilled. The special warning lamp shall be so designed that after it has been mounted correctly on the vehicle, no maladjustment is possible. When a non-replaceable light source is used it shall be permanently fixed to the special warning lamp.

Light source module The design of the light source module s shall be such that even in darkness the light source module s can be fitted in no other position, but the correct one. The light source module s shall be tamperproof. In the case of a system that uses a special power supply, or a dedicated power supply, or light source control gear shall be part of special warning lamp.

The frequency f, the "on" time tH and the "off" time tD shall correspond to the values indicated in the table in Annex 5 to this Regulation. Under those conditions, one minute after a voltage equal to 90 per cent of the rated voltage has been applied, the frequency shall remain between 2 and 4 HZ.

A rotating or flashing special warning lamp device of Category T may consist of more than one optical system. In this case the requirements of Annex 5 paragraph 8 must be met.

The lamp manufacturer must supply mounting information to ensure that the various units are correctly mounted on a vehicle. The colorimetric characteristics of the light emitted, expressed in CIE chromaticity co-ordinates, shall be evaluated using the light source as designed, working at the voltage as specified in paragraph 4. In case of a special warning lamp employing a Xenon flash tube, as an alternative the chromaticity co-ordinates may be deduced from the spectral distribution of the transmission of the cover and the transmission or reflection of any other optical effective elements which could impair the colour of the special warning lamp.

The calculation then shall be based on a luminous source with a relative spectral distribution as listed in Annex 6. The department may then either, Consider that the modification s made are unlikely to have appreciable adverse effects and that in any event the special warning lamp still complies with the requirements, or Require a further test report from the technical services responsible for conducting the tests. Confirmation or refusal of approval, specifying the alterations, shall be notified by the procedure specified in paragraph 4.

The competent authority issuing the extension of approval shall assign a series number to each communication form drawn up for such an extension. In order to verify that the requirements of paragraph 9. The holder of the approval shall in particular: ensure the existence of procedures for the effective control of the quality of products; have access to the control equipment necessary for checking the conformity to each approved type; ensure that data of test results are recorded and that related documents shall remain available for a period to be determined in accordance with the administrative services; analyze the results of each type of test in order to verify and ensure the stability of the product characteristics, making allowance for variation of an industrial production; ensure that for each type of product at least the tests prescribed in Annex 7 to this Regulation are carried out; ensure that any collecting of samples giving evidence of non-conformity with the type of test considered shall give rise to another sampling and another test.

All the necessary steps shall be taken to re-establish the conformity of the corresponding production. The competent authority which has granted type approval may at any time verify the conformity control methods applicable to each production unit. In every inspection, the test books and production survey records shall be presented to the visiting inspector.

When the quality level appears unsatisfactory or when it seems necessary to verify the validity of the tests carried out in the application of paragraph 9. The competent authority shall strive to obtain a frequency of inspection of once every two years. However, this is at the discretion of the competent authority and their confidence in the arrangements for ensuring effective control of the conformity of production. In the case where negative results are recorded, the competent authority shall ensure that all necessary steps are taken to re-establish the conformity of production as rapidly as possible.

If a Contracting Party to the Agreement applying this Regulation, by means of a communication form conforming to the model in Annex 1 to this Regulation. Upon receiving the relevant communication that authority shall inform thereof the other Contracting Parties to the Agreement applying this Regulation by means of a communication form conforming to the model in Annex 1 to this Regulation.

As from 24 months after the date of entry into force of Supplement 4, Contracting Parties applying this Regulation shall grant approvals only if the type of special warning lamps to be approved meets the requirements of this Regulation as amended by Supplement 4.

Approvals granted under this Regulation earlier than 24 months after the date of entry into force of Supplement 4 and all extensions of approvals, granted subsequently, shall remain valid indefinitely.

When the type of special warning lamps approved to a preceding version of the Regulation up to its Supplement 3 meets the requirements of this Regulation as amended by Supplement 4, the Contracting Party which granted the approval shall notify the other Contracting Parties applying this Regulation thereof.

No Contracting Party applying this Regulation shall refuse a type of special warning lamps approved under this Regulation as amended by Supplement 4. As from the official date of entry into force of Supplement 4, no Contracting Party applying this Regulation shall prohibit the fitting on a vehicle of special warning lamps approved under this Regulation as amended by Supplement 4. Contracting Parties applying this Regulation shall continue to allow the fitting on a vehicle of special warning lamps approved under the preceding version of the Regulation up to its Supplement 3 during the 48 months period which follows the date of entry into force of Supplement 4.

Upon the expiration of a period of 48 months after the date of entry into force of Supplement 4, Contracting Parties applying this Regulation may prohibit the fitting of special warning lamps, which do not meet the requirements of this Regulation as amended by Supplement 4, on a new vehicle for which national type or individual approval was granted more than 24 months after the entry into force of Supplement 4 to this Regulation. The Parties to the Agreement which apply this Regulation shall communicate to the United Nations Secretariat the names and addresses of the technical services responsible for conducting approval tests and of the administrative departments which grant approval and to which forms certifying approval or extension or refusal or withdrawal of approval, issued in other countries, are to be sent.

Extension No. Rated voltage of special warning lamp ……………………………………………… Submitted for approval on ……………………………………………………………… Technical service responsible for approval tests……………………………………… Date of report issued by that service……………………………………………….

Number of report issued by that service……………………………………………… Reason s of extension if applicable ……………………………………………. The approval number shows that the approval was granted in accordance with the requirements of the Regulation in its original form and that it is a blue rotating or stationary flashing special warning lamp of class 1 TB 1.

The approval number shows that the approval was granted in accordance with the requirements of the Regulation in its original form and that it is a amber rotating or stationary flashing special warning lamp of class 2 TA 2. The approval number shows that the approval was granted in accordance with the requirements of the Regulation in its original form and that it is a blue directional flashing lamp of class 1 XB 1.

The marking without an arrow indicates that the lamp has a narrow angle effect. The approval number shows that the approval was granted in accordance with the requirements of the Regulation in its original form and that it is a amber directional flashing lamp of class 2 XA 2.

The arrow indicates that the lamp has a wide-angle effect on the side indicated by the direction in which the arrow is pointing, which also indicates the side of the vehicle on which the device is to be mounted. The double side arrow indicates that the lamp has a wide-angle effect to both sides, which also indicates that the lamp could be mounted on both side of the vehicle.

During the test, the device shall turn on its vertical axis at a rate of 4 turns per minute. The test shall last for 12 hours continuously after which the water jet shall be stopped. One hour later, the sample shall be examined and shall be regarded as having passed the test if the accumulated volume of water does not exceed 2 cm3.

The angular diameter of the photoelectric receiver as seen from the special warning lamp shall be 10 minutes or arc maximum. The response time of the photometric system shall be adequate to the rising time of the signal to be measured. For special warning lamps having one level of intensity class1 , the "by night" level shall apply. For special warning lamps having two levels of intensity class 2 , measurements shall be carried out for each of the two levels.

The effective luminous intensities in various directions shall be as specified in the table below. If a filament lamp is used that shall be a standard filament lamp as provided for in Regulation No. Light source conditions for test: In the case of replaceable light sources a standard lamp shall be used. All measurements on lamps equipped with replaceable or non-replaceable light sources filament lamps, gas discharge light sources and other shall be made at 6.

In the case of a system that uses a special power supply, or a dedicated power supply, or light source control gear, the voltage declared by the manufacturer shall be applied to the input terminals of that power supply. Unless otherwise specified 6.

In the case of filament lamps it is allowed to make the measurements with a standard filament lamp at reference flux conditions nearly at 12 V and recalculate the measured values by a factor, which is determined with this standard filament lamp at The luminous intensity distribution after one minute of operation can be calculated by applying the ratio achieved at HV between one minute and 30 minutes of operation.

If the emitted light of a special warning lamp consists of groups of several flashes, the time distance t between the immediately following flashes must be very short. If the peak to peak distance t is less or equal to 0. If this distance t is longer only the flash with the highest peak intensity is valid.

Frequency, time, and intensity of the emitted light 7. The frequency, the "ON" time and the "OFF" time shall be as specified in the table below Colour blue or amber rotating system or flash light sources category T and X 4 2 0. On the vehicle it is horizontal, parallel to the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle and oriented in the required direction of visibility.

It passes through the centre of reference. Within the field of light distribution of paragraph 7. If two or more optical systems are integrated in one special warning lamp, this unit has to comply with the following requirements: Each optical system shall be in accordance with the requirements of this Annex within the horizontal angle which is not covered by one of the other optical systems.

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