Glasgow However, neither the presence nor Introduction CQT absence of such designation should 4 be regarded as affecting the legal First edition status of any trademark. No part of Gavin Cray this book may be reproduced, Elaine Higgleton stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any Computing support means, electronic, mechanical, Thomas Callan photocopying, recording or otherwise, without the prior The publishers would like to thank permission in writing of the the following for their invaluable Publisher. It covers the words and phrases that will help you words are pronounced. IPA Symbols Mastering the vocabulary in this book will give you the skills you need to confidently use Academic English in an English-medium university context. V ow el Soun ds C o n so n a n t Sou n ds a: calm ,ah b bed, rub Thefirst section of the book consists of word lists organized by subject and ae act, mass d done, red topic area.
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Foreach word, its word class is shown afterthe headword. The sections below show more information about each word class. You would use an adjective to talk about appearance, colour, size, or other qualities, e. He has been absent from his desk for two weeks. The costs of each part of the process can be measured fairly accurately. NOUN A noun is a word that refers to a person, a thing, ora quality. In this book, the label noun is given to all countable nouns.
A countable noun is used for talking about things that can be counted, and that have both singular and plural forms, e. She turned her head away; difficult financial situations. All experiments were carried out by three psychologists. Most schools are unwilling to cut down on staff in order to cut costs. He called the emergency services and they arrived within minutes.
The themes are repeated throughout the film. No one drug will suit everyone and sometimes several may have to be tried. Uncountable nouns do not have a plural form, and they are used with a singular verb, e. The report has inevitably been greeted with scepticism. VERB A verb is a word that is used for saying what someone or something does, orwhat happens to them, or to give information about them, e.
The exhibition traces the history ofgraphic design. W ord lists.
Collins Cobuild Key Words for the TOEFL Test
Inc ex of uestion Iv 3 J I S Question type Vocabulary Unit Grammar Unit Reading section Factual information 11, 14,19 12, 14, 17 Negative factual information 14, 19 11, 14 Inference 1, 3, 7 11 Rhetorical purpose 6,7, 14, 19 17 Vocabulary 11 12,14 Reference 2, 3, 7, 9, 11, 14, 19 11, 14, 17 Sentence simplification 7, 11, 19 12, 14 Insert text 3,19 11,12 Prose summary 9, 11, 14, 19 Table completion 14 14, 17 Listening section Gist-content 1, 4, 5, 10, 15 18 Purpose 1, 4, 5, 10, 15 13,18 Detail 13 15 Function 4, 5, 10, 13 15,18 Attitude 1, 5, 10 13,18 Organization 1 15 Connecting content 5,6 13, 18 Inference 15 13 Personal experience 2 1, 2 Paired choice 10 3, 4, 5 Campus matters 13,17 6 Academic reading and lecture 7, 20 9, 18 Campus conversation 13, 17 6, 7 Academic summary 4, 5, 9, 10, 16 Writing section Integrated task 18 8, 10, 16, 19 Independent task 3, 6, 8, 12 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 16, 20 A 3out this Who is this book for? It provides an introduction to the vocabulary and grammar that are needed in all sections of the test. Why are vocabulary and grammar important to the test? Vocabulary: A good knowledge of general academic vocabulary is essential for all four sections of the test. The reading and listening sections both have specific vocabulary questions that check understanding of vocabulary in context. Rubrics for the speaking section include "effective use of vocabulary" and rubrics for the writing section include "appropriate word choice and idlomaticity" The speaking and writing sections of the test also require you to read academic texts and paraphrase or summarize them in your own words. As well as knowledge of academic vocabulary, you will need to be able to figure out the meaning of unfamiliar words by using context and applying knowledge of word roots, suffixes, and prefixes.
Collins COBUILD Key Words For The TOEFL Test