See also: Cameroon—Nigeria border After the independence of both Nigeria and Cameroon in ,   the status of British Cameroons was unclear. A United Nations-sponsored and supervised plebiscite took place the following February resulting in the northern part of the territory voting to remain part of Nigeria, while the southern part voted for reunification with Cameroon. One of the resultant disputes was in the Bakassi Peninsula, an area with large oil and gas reserves,  which had been de facto administered by Nigeria. Cameroon claimed that the British—German border agreements in should demarcate the border between the two countries. Nigeria claimed that Cameroonian soldiers fired first on the Nigerian patrol.
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Load Previous Page Bakassi Peninsula dispute Obasanjo was also faced with resolving an ongoing border dispute with neighbouring Cameroon that included the question of which country had rights to the Bakassi Peninsula , an oil-rich area to which both countries had strong cultural ties.
Under the terms of a International Court of Justice ruling, the region was awarded to Cameroon, and Obasanjo was criticized by the international community when Nigeria did not immediately comply by withdrawing its troops from the area in the subsequent years. He also received much domestic criticism for contemplating withdrawal from the peninsula by those who questioned the fate of the large number of Nigerians living in the region and cited the long-standing cultural ties between the Bakassi Peninsula and Nigeria.
Nevertheless, Obasanjo eventually honoured the terms of the ruling in when Nigeria relinquished its claim to the peninsula and withdrew its forces. The process of transferring the peninsula to Cameroon was not without its problems, including the ongoing issue of resettling Nigerians displaced by the transfer and the dissatisfaction of those who remained but were now under Cameroonian rule. Controversies surrounding the presidential election Meanwhile, Obasanjo was the subject of domestic and international criticism for his attempt to amend the constitution to allow him to stand for a third term as president; the proposed amendment was rejected by the Senate in He was declared the winner, but international observers strongly condemned the election as being marred by voting irregularities and fraud.
His ability to serve as president while dealing with health issues was called into question after he went to Saudi Arabia in late November for treatment of heart problems and kidney problems. Jonathan agreed and assumed power later that day, but it was unclear whether or not the assumption of power was constitutional.
The elections Another area of focus cited by Jonathan was the reformation of the electoral process. Noting the irregularities associated with the presidential election, he vowed to make fair and transparent elections a priority, beginning with those scheduled for As a result, the presidential election that was scheduled for April 9 was delayed until April Jonathan was the overwhelming winner of the presidential election, receiving almost 59 percent of the vote among a field of 19 other challengers.
Former military leader and head of state Muhammadu Buhari placed second, with about 32 percent of the vote. In other elections, the PDP did not fare as well as in previous years, but it managed to maintain control of the legislature and a majority of state governorship posts.
International observers praised the elections as being largely free and fair. The polls were not completely without violence or controversy, however, as supporters of Buhari and other losing candidates rioted, primarily in the north, and accused the ruling PDP of electoral fraud. Goodluck Jonathan,
The population of Bakassi is the subject of some dispute, but is generally put at between , and , people. These two ocean currents interact, creating huge foamy breakers which constantly advance towards the shore, and building submarine shoals rich in fish, shrimps, and a wide variety of other marine life forms. This makes the Bakassi area a very fertile fishing ground, comparable only to Newfoundland in North America and Scandinavia in Western Europe. Most of the population make their living through fishing. The peninsula is commonly described as "oil-rich", though in fact no commercially viable deposits of oil have been discovered. However, the area has aroused considerable interest from oil companies in the light of the discovery of rich reserves of high grade crude oil in Nigeria.
Bakassi Peninsula dispute